Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor and king of the Franks, died in the year 814. A few years before his death, Charles ordered his friend, adviser and biographer of the Eyngard to build a magnificent Palace with a chapel. Eyngard chose to implement this plan architect Odo of Metz, and in 805 year the chapel was consecrated. It was there buried Charlemagne, and there is the relic of his relics to this day.
Simple in terms of the chapel is a high octagonal hall with a lower shestnadtsatigalonnom. Arch lined with alternating bands of colored stone. The walls of the chapel are decorated with ancient mosaics and ended with a simple conical roof. In the XVII century it was replaced by a high dome with a lantern. From the ceiling hangs a wrought-iron chandelier in the shape of a crown, Podnebesnaya donated to the Cathedral by Frederick Barbarossa. And in the Museum of the Treasury of the Cathedral is stored medieval cast statue of the virgin Mary of extraordinary beauty.
The Palace chapel was granted the status of a Cathedral in the IX century. She went down in history as the place of coronation of German kings. In the chapel survived the great throne, according to legend, once belonged to Charlemagne. The Emperor Henry II gave in the eleventh century Cathedral bronze chair, inlaid with ivory.
The Aachen Cathedral is not the traditional Romanesque architecture cruciform or basilican plan. The chapel is its nucleus. In the XIV century to the East of the chapel choir was built in the Gothic style with the altar. Thirteen huge 25-foot Windows of the choir, separated by slender buttresses, occupy a large part of the wall and illuminate the Cathedral. They contrast with small round Windows of the chapel. Subsequently there were other chapel, varied in style and size. Visible steep slopes of the roof of the choir, built in the XIV century, and the dome of the XVII century, the cross on the chapel. Pyramidal spire significantly different in style, was built later.